MEDITATION (DHYANA YOGA)
Why do you read many books? It is of no use. The great book is within your heart. Open the pages of this inexhaustible book, the Source for all knowledge. You will know everything. What is that knowledge of Brahman or the Source or Self? Close your eyes. Withdraw the senses. Merge deep in the Supreme Soul, the Light of lights, and the Sun of suns. Complete knowledge will be revealed to you. You will have direct intuitional knowledge and divine wisdom by direct perception. All doubts will vanish now. All mental torments will disappear. All hot discussions, heated debates will terminate now. Peace and Jnana alone will remain.
Dhyana is translated as meditation. It is perfect contemplation which involves concentrating on a point of focus with the intention of knowing the truth about it. This is where all the fun begins. After you have eliminated all the images from the outer world (as discussed in pratyahara) and your mind is focused on a single object, you then begin to meditate. Figuratively speaking, it’s like placing something under a microscope (you only look at what you are actually inspecting).
This is done because your awareness in dhyana is different from your everyday awareness just as a laser beam is different from a flashlight. A flashlight can illuminate a large area, but a laser, even a low powered one, can cut through solid objects. Hence, having awareness as sharp as a laser beam, you can penetrate into the deeper nature of any object both mental and physical.
“What is Meditation” (DHYANA YOGA)
Meditation (Dhayana Yoga)
In simple terms the spontaneous concentration of the mind on the object is Meditation.
Now let us see in detail what exactly it means to say about Dhyan (meditation), We all know that our mind is fickle, like a butterfly, which always flies from here and there and does not wait at one place for long. But the speed of our mind is far more than the butterfly or it may be greater than the speed of light.
Mind can recollect past experiences, keeps thinking about the future and experiences the present with all its might and we do not have any control over our minds journey.
‘Dhyan'(meditation) is the study of deep concentration, calmness and tranquility of the mind. It is the study of attaining complete control over ones mind. Meditation takes the consciousness beyond conscious, sub conscious & unconscious states to super consciousness.
It is very difficult to understand the nature of the mind because it has no physical existence. It is very subtle as well as hidden. But the existence of the mind can’t be denied, as many of our problems physical, mental and psychological are the outcome of our mental condition. Mind exists in the body but it is distinct from the body and organs.
Mind is also distinct from the spiritual self, ‘The Know-er’ as he just observes the mind and its functions. The Know-er perceives the external objects through sense organs but with the help of the mind. Perception of any event is not possible without the presence of mind. So in every event of perception there is an external object, an organ of perception (ears, eyes, nose tongue or skin) and there is mind and the ‘Know-er’ or ‘Self’. All these are connected very closely, inseparable but still distinct from each other.
The mind can multiply or divide the strength of the Body. The person can’t work if he is mentally not prepared for the work but a person can work with extra energy if he has mentally decided to work.
The mind has tremendous speed. It can travel from one point to another point at infinite distance within fraction of a second.
The mind interconnects the ‘Self’ with the physical body. The mind controls the physical organs through Brain, Autonomous Nervous System, and Endocrine Gland System.
We can summaries seven functions of the mind as follows.
Consciousness, Thoughts, Emotions, Perceptions, Memory, Intelligence and Judgment.